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Photography 101 Cheat Sheet

May 7, 2019

Photography 101 Cheat Sheet

The Photography 101 Cheat Sheet is filled with all the essential fundamental information you need to know about photography. I am covering everything from ISO, Aperture, Shutter Speed, and depth of field. This cheat sheet works as a great reference guide to look to, when you need a refresher. In addition, you will find some helpful tips too!


If you’re super new to photography and you’re sitting there wondering, “What is ISO and what is it’s purpose?” To put it simply, ISO measures the camera’s sensitivity to light. Knowing how & why to adjust your ISO is a GAME CHANGER! This is always the first thing to think about before you begin shooting. In bright settings such as a sunny day, you’ll want a lower ISO number, and for dimly lit or darker settings, you will want a higher ISO.


Aperture controls both the depth of field and the amount of light that enters into your lens while shooting. If you are in a dimly light room, your aperture should be as low so you’re able to pick up the available light, unless you are shooting larger amount of people. The manual capability of your lens controls whether or not you’re able to control your aperture.

Shutter Speed

Shutter speed controls how long the light enters the camera sensor. Therefore, a faster shutter speed will give you a sharper image. This is known as the speed in which your shutter “clicks” or captures an image controls how light or dark an image is. You most likely change your shutter speed often during a shoot, depending of how the light changes. If you have too slow of a shutter speed, you get movement or an image that is not super sharp.

Depth of Field

Depth of Field is the distance between the nearest and furthest object in the image. To get some great tips on proper settings to get the best depth of field when shooting families, or headshots and more, make sure to check out the freebie!

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